Office: 813.600.5530 • Fax: 813.600.3235 • info@syndaver.com • 8506 Benjamin Road, Tampa FL 33634

Frequently Asked Questions

What does SynDaver Labs do?
SynDaver Labs designs and manufactures experimentally validated synthetic human tissues and body parts. We have developed an extensive catalog of synthetic tissues based on the world’s most comprehensive database of living human and animal tissue properties.

What are these products made of?


SynDaver Labs’ products may be substituted for traditional models in such tests by nature of their similarity to the actual use environment. This resemblance is characterized by a matching of mechanical, physical, and chemical properties, geometry, and organ-to-organ interaction. On the simplest level, individual synthetic organs (rectus femoris muscle, small intestine, abdominal aorta, etc) are constructed so that they replicate the geometry (shape, diameter, wall thickness etc) of a particular portion of the target anatomy. In addition, the individual synthetic tissue analogs used to fabricate these components are formulated so that they exhibit chemical and physical properties (water, fiber, and salt content, strength or modulus in shear, coefficient of static or dynamic friction, surface energy, dielectric properties, heat capacity, porosity, etc) that mimic the properties of the target tissue. Finally, the model components are assembled in such a way that the interaction between adjacent components is similar to that expected in the target tissue. That is, the body part is designed so that interfacial properties such as the coefficient of dynamic friction (inter-organ) and mechanical attachments mimic those exhibited in the target anatomy.

What are such products used for?


Our research-grade products are used by every major medical device manufacturer in the world to replace live animals and human cadavers in medical device development studies. Our products are also used in hospitals, medical schools, and simulation centers for training in basic suturing skills, microvascular anastomosis, central line placement, chest tube placement, breast surgery, liposuction, oral and nasal intubation, tracheotomy and cricothyroidotomy, coronary angioplasty and stenting, and a wide variety of other surgical procedures.

Do you perform your own animal and cadaver studies?


Yes. All of our live tissue validation tests and human cadaver studies are performed in house. We also provide cadaver study services for our clients as part of medical device testing programs and custom model development projects.

Do you build rapid prototypes?


Yes, and while we can use this capability to rapidly produce hard plastic and synthetic rubber anatomical models, this is not our focus. We have all manner of rapid prototyping and DICOM-STL translation capabilities in house, and we routinely fabricate soft tissue models directly from MRI and CT images.

Do you create custom models?


Yes. We have a large library of standard models based on both synthetic designs and CT / MRI images, but most of our business involves creating custom models. These are most commonly fabricated from our library of synthetic human tissues but we also work with organosilicates (silicone rubber), polyurethanes, and other commonly available engineering materials.

Who do you compete with?


A great many companies manufacture simplistic surgical simulators, medical mannequins, rubber and plastic anatomical models, phantoms, and even rudimentary hydrogel constructs. Some of these companies offer a great deal of puffery regarding the realism of their tissues, but in terms of live tissue fidelity and realism our simplest products are generations beyond even the best of these. In cases where we have the appearance of direct competition we GUARANTEE to offer a product that is both superior AND less expensive.

How are your products stored?


Our soft tissues contain a great deal of water and must therefore be protected from dessication. Depending on the size of the part this is accomplished by placing the part in a plastic bag, storage bin, or body bag when not in use. For long-term storage our products are stored in our storage solution. Refrigeration is not required.

How are your products disposed of?


Our oldest product retains are more than 20 years old and in general these are designed for multiple use. However, when a consumable component is destroyed it may be discarded with ordinary trash or returned to us for recycling. As responsible stewards of the environment we encourage recycling and back this up by providing a 20% credit (based on purchase price) for all components returned for that purpose.

Where is your technology going next?


In conjunction with our partners we are developing a synthetic autonomic nervous system (real-time human physiology computer) for the SSH platform – essentially a full body which can move, breathe, and bleed autonomously. We are also developing a complete system of ultra-low-cost partial task trainers based on simplified structures from our full body models.